‘eighty years of promoting biodiversity conservation through taxonomic research, scientific training and international networks’

Harrison Institute, Centre for Biodiversity Research

Professor Daw Tin Nwe introduces the First International Bat Workshop held in Myanmar.

Two of the successful Darwin Initiative PhD students, Dr Khin Maung Swe (left) and Dr Yin Yin Toke (right).

The Kachin woolly bat (Kerivoula kachinensis) from northern Myanmar, which was described as a new species by members of the project team.

Dr Iain Mackie training Myanmar students in bat echolocation techniques.

Biodiversity assessment of limestone karst dependent bats in Myanmar (Burma)

Host country: Myanmar

Project objective: To promote the conservation of bat biodiversity in Myanmar

Project outputs
  • Transformation of the scientific ethos of Yangon University, with a more proactive approach to research; eight PhDs in bat studies (taxonomy, ecology, conservation and behaviour) completed by Myanmar Darwin trainees

  • Myanmar students with an international, outward looking attitude to science

  • First international bat workshop held in Myanmar, hosted by Yangon University (23-27 October, 2002)

  • Ten staff and students from Yangon University attended and/or made presentations at international conferences in the UK, Poland and Vietnam

  • MoU signed between Yangon University and the Harrison Institute and Prince of Songkla University, Thailand

  • A series of collaborative scientific papers in international journals; one identification key for Myanmar bats; and three reports on surveys and workshops

  • Eight international field surveys throughout Myanmar

  • Two collections of voucher specimens enhanced – one in Yangon University and one duplicate collection in the Harrison Institute

  • Nine species added to Myanmar’s inventory of bats, including one species new to science (Kerivoula kachinensis)

  • Further funding for £250,000 from a variety of international sources (a result of the success of the Darwin project), a proportion of which has been spent on in-country training and biodiversity research

Project reports
available at: http://darwin.defra.gov.uk/project/11019/

Collaborating institutions: Universities of Yangon and Mandalay and the Harrison Institute

Harrison Institute contact: Dr Paul Bates – harrisoninstitute@btinternet.com

In-country contact:
Professor Si Si Hla Bu, previously of the Universities of Yangon and Mandalay and now Pro-Rector of Hinthada University – sshb@myanmar.com.mm

Principal Funder: Darwin Initiative, DEFRA - £120,385 (of £155,299).

Additional funders for aspects of the project included: Total E&P Myanmar, Premier Oil, Thai Air, Myanmar Airways, Kent Bat Group, The Linnean Society, and Orient Express.

Dates: April, 2002-March, 2005

Publications from the project:

Bates, P.J.J. ed. 2003. Conservation status of the bat and bird fauna of the limestone karst areas of Kayin and Mon States, Myanmar (Burma). Unpublished report, 110 pp.

Bates, P.J.J. ed 2004. Caves of Myeik, Tanintharyi Division, 2003. Unpublished report, 121 pp.

Bates, P.J.J. and Tin Nwe. 2001. Myanmar: an atlas of karst conservation. International Caver, 2001: 36-39.

Bates, P.J.J., Mar Mar Thi, Tin Nwe, Si Si Hla Bu, Khin Mie Mie, Nyo Nyo, Aye Aye Khaing, Nu Nu Aye, Thida Oo and I. Mackie. 2004. A review of Rhinolophus (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) from Myanmar, including three species new to the country. Acta Chiropterologica, 6(1): 23-48.

Bates, P.J.J., M. Struebig, B. Hayes, N. Furey, Khin Mya Mya, V.D. Thong, P.D. Tien, C. Francis and G. Csorba. 2007. A new species of Kerivoula (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Southeast Asia. Acta Chiropterologica, 9(2): 323-337.

Bates, P.J.J., M.J. Struebig, S.J. Rossitor, T. Kingston, S.S. Lin Oo and K. Mya Mya. 2004. A new species of Kerivoula (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Myanmar (Burma). Acta Chiropterologica, 6(2): 219-226.

Bates, P.J.J., Tin Nwe, M.J. Pearch, Khin Maung Swe, Si Si Hla Bu and Thanda Tun. 2000. A review of bat research in Myanmar (Burma) and results of a recent survey. Acta Chiropterologica, 2(1): 53-82.

Bates, P.J.J., Tin Nwe, Khin Maung Swe and Si Si Hla Bu. 2001. Further new records of bats from Myanmar (Burma) including Craseonycteris thonglongyai Hill 1974 (Chiroptera: Craseonycteridae). Acta Chiropterologica, 3(1): 33-41.

Bates, P.J.J., Tin Nwe, Si Si Hla Bu, Khin Mie Mie, Nyo Nyo, Aye Aye Khaing, Nu Nu Aye, Yin Yin Toke, Naing Naing Aung, Mar Mar Thi and Iain Mackie. 2005. A review of the genera Myotis, Ia, Pipistrellus, Hypsugo and Arielulus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Myanmar (Burma), including three species new to the country. Acta Chiropterologica, 7(2): 205-236.

Pearch, M.J., Khin Mie Mie, P.J.J. Bates, Tin Nwe, Khin Maung Swe and Si Si Hla Bu. 2003. First record of bats (Chiroptera) from Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma). Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society, 51(2): 241-259.

Pereira, M.J.R., H. Rebelo, E. Teeling, S.J. O'Brien, Tin Nwe, I. Mackie, Si Si Hla Bu, Khin Maung Swe, Khin Mie Mie, and P.J.J. Bates. 2006. Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar. Oryx, 40(4) 456-463.

Puechmaille, P. Soisook, S.J., M. Yokubol, P. Piyapan, M.A. Gouilh, Khin Mie Mie, Khin Khin Kyaw, I. Mackie, S. Bumrungsri, A. Dejtaradol, Tin Nwe, Si Si Hla Bu, C. Satasook, P.J. Bates, and E.C. Teeling. 2009. Population size, distribution, threats and conservation status of two endangered bat species Craseonycteris thonglongyai and Hipposideros turpis. Endangered Species Research, doi. 10.3354/ esr00157.

Puechmaille, S.J., P. Piyapan, M. Yokubol, M.A. Gouilh, Khin Mie Mie, P.J. Bates, C. Satasook, Tin Nwe, Si Si Hla Bu, I. Mackie, and E.C. Teeling. 2008. Characterisation and multiplex genotyping of 16 polymorphic microsatellite loci in the endangered bumble-bee bat, Craseonycteris thonglongyai (Chiroptera: Craseonycteridae). Conservation Genetics, doi 10.1007/s10592-008-9691-1.

Si Si Hla Bu and P.J.J. Bates. 2002. Myanmar: an illustrated guide to the country and its wildlife. 38 pp.

Struebig, M.J., S.J. Rossitor, P.J.J. Bates, T. Kingston, Sai Sein Lin Oo, Aye Aye Nwe, Moe Moe Aung, Sein Sein Win, and Khin Mya Mya. 2005. Results of a recent survey in Upper Myanmar including new records from the Kachin forests. Acta Chiropterologica, 7(1): 147-163.

PhD theses at the University of Yangon

Khin Maung Swe. A practical guide to current survey and identification methods for bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera); a case study for Myanmar. Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 151 pp.

Khin Mie Mie. Echolocation behaviour of some Myanmar bats. Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 124 pp.

Mar Mar Thi. Structural patterns of the bat wing osteology and its phylogenetic implication. Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 145 pp.

Naing Naing Aung, Monitoring some cave dependent echolocating bats in Myanmar by using frequency division bat detector.  Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 174 pp.

Nyo Nyo, Distribution and diet of some insectivorous bat species of Myanmar in relation to insect availability. Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 105 pp.

Yin Yin Toke, An analysis of wing morphology of some Myanmar echolocating bats. Unpublished PhD thesis. Yangon University, 121 pp.